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A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin it's colour. It’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes.


There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being as follows:

  • Melasma: Believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body, but they appear most commonly on the stomach and face


  • Sunspots: Also called liver spots or solar lentigines, sunspots are common. They’re related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face.


  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: This is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. A common cause of this type is acne.


It’s not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation. However, you can protect yourself by:

  • Using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.

  • Wearing hats or clothing that block sunlight.

  • Avoiding the sun when it’s the strongest, typically 10 to 4 p.m.

  • Avoiding certain medications may also help prevent hyperpigmentation.

  • Only use Retinols or Vitamin A cream, at night.

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